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This allowed them to represent a more realistic human form. That is sculptors carved gods, goddess, athletes, and famous men in a way that showed human beings in their most perfect, graceful form. The Greeks artists expressed their love of beauty, balance, and harmony. The only Greek paintings so survive are on pottery. They off intriguing views of every day Greek life and how it was.
Each scene was designed to fit the shape of the pottery. The ancient Greeks developed their own style of literature. Late the later Europeans would take a liking to it. IT was a model of perfection the them, and they called it "classical style," referring to the elegant and balanced forms of traditional Greek works of art.
The Glory of Ancient Greece book. Read 3 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. This new audio book guide illustrates the might, glory a. The glory of Ancient Greece is all around us, even in the 21st century, because Greece was the cradle of Western civilisation. We know about the gods and their .
Greek literature had began with the epic poems of Homer, whose stirring tales inspired later writers. But back in the later times, the poet Sappho sang of love and of the beauty of her island home, while the poetry of Pindar celebrated the victors in athletic contests.
The first Greek plays evolved out of religious festivals, especially those held in Athens to honor the god of fertility and wine, Dionysus. The plays were performed in large outdoor theaters with little of no scenery, and the actors would wear elaborate costumes and stylized masks. There also was a chorus the sang or chanted comment on the action taking place on stage.
Many dramas were often based on popular myths and legends. Through these familiar stories, playwrights discussed moral and social issues or explored the relationship between the people and the gods. The greatest Athenian playwrights had been Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. All three of them had wrote tragedies, which were plays what told stories of human suffering that usually ended in disaster.
The Greeks felt that the purpose for them were to stir up and then relieve the emotions of pity and fear. In Oresteia , Aeschylus showed a powerful family torn part by betrayal, murder, and revenge. This showed that even the powerful could feel the wrath of the gods, and would bring down the greatest heroes. In Antigone , Sophocles explored what happens when an individual's moral duty conflicts with the laws of the state.
Antigone was a young woman whose brother was killed leading a rebellion. But even after King Creon forbids anyone to bury his body, she does, and she is also sentenced to death.
She tells Creon that duty to the gods is greater than human law. Euripides had survived the horrors of the Peloponnesian War.
The main challenge facing Greek farmers was that there was too little good farming land in Greece and the Aegean. In any case, the Roman conquest carried many features of Greek civilization to far-flung parts of the Mediterranean world and Western Europe. Those whose land was further away, however, lived in the countryside, in the hamlets and villages which doted the landscape, and walked into the city for special occasions. But by then Greek culture had been codified and was so widely dispersed that enough of it survived for Lord Byron to admire — and for us to explain what made it possible. The Persians invaded and famous battles were fought at Marathon and Thermopylae. The dynamic process of creative destruction, driven by specialization and knowledge-based innovation, was central in the rise of the Greek world.
This may have led him to question many accepted ideas in his day. In the play, he suggested that people, not gods, were the cause of human misfortune and suffering. In The Trojan Women , he had stripped a war of it's glamour by showing the suffering of the women who were victims of that war. Comedies were humorous plays that mocked people or customs.
While tragedy focuses on events in the past, comedies ridiculed individuals of the day, including political figures, philosophers, and prominent members of society. They sharply criticized society. Basically, almost all of the surviving Greek comedies were written by Aristophanes. In Lysistrata , he shows the women of Athens coming together to force their husbands to end a war against Sparta.
Tradgey and comedy masks. Herodotus, the "Father of History". The Greeks applied observation, reason, and logic to the study of history. Herodotus is often call the "Father of History" in the Western world because he went beyond listing names of rulers or the retelling of ancient legends.
Before he wrote The Persian Wars, Herodotus had actually visited many lands and collected information from people who remembered the actual events in chronicled. He used the Greek term historie , which means inquiry,to define is work. Herodotus cast a critical eye on his sources. He even invented conversations and speeches for historical figures. Thucydides was also a historian, who had been a few years younger than Herodotus, wrote about the Peloponnesian War.
He lived through the war and was able the vividly describe the war's savagery and corrupting influence on all those involved. Even though he was Athenian, he tired to be fat to both sides. Herodotus stressed the importance of research. While Thucydides showed the need to avoid bias.